The region consists of aspen parkland in the south, grading to boreal forest and muskeg in the north.
The south-west of the region is part of the Peace Country, an area that stretches in north-eastern British Columbia, consisting of fertile prairie, ranchland and farmland along the Peace River and its tributaries.
Northern Alberta is crossed by the Peace River and the lower course of the Athabasca River. Other major rivers are Wapiti, Hay, Chinchaga, Petitot Rivers in the west, Wabasca River in the center and Firebag and Clearwater River in the east. Alberta's two largest waterbodies, Lake Athabasca and Lake Claire are located in the wetlands of north-eastern Alberta, forming the Peace-Athabasca Delta, that drains through the Slave River towards the Arctic Ocean.
The Caribou Mountains are an elevated plateau in the relatively flat Albertan north, and provide core habitat for an endangered woodland caribou herd. This area is conserved by the Caribou Mountains Wildland Park. The adjacent Wood Buffalo National Park is Canada's largest protected area.
Other tourist attractions in Northern Alberta include the Fort McMurray Historical Society-Heritage Park, Historic Dunvegan, Kimiwan Birdwalk and Interpretive Centre, Lesser Slave Lake Bird Observatory in the Lesser Slave Lake Provincial Park, Muskoseepi Park, Oil Sands Discovery Centre.